閱讀筆記 : 窮查理的普通常識

From http://goo.gl/2M2d4

p69, 《窮查理的普通常識》
查理.蒙格 Charles T. Munger @ 著 (January 1, 1924,~)
彼得.考夫曼 Peter Kaufman @ 編
李繼宏等@編譯
本書 2005 年初版, 距今約 6 年, 當時查理.蒙格年約 81 歲。

462 頁… 瀏覽一次完畢. 2011.07.07 記.

書中內容多是蒙格的演講內容複習及再次講解,在第十講最後一段文字,是對台下演講畢業生的期許也是蒙格的自我期許:

我希望這些老人的廢話對你們有用。最後,我想用《天路歷程》中 ,那位真理劍客年老之後,唯一可能說出的話,來結束這次演講:「我的劍留給能揮舞的人」。P342

本書每一頁都有讓人值得思考的文字,而在書中蒙格不斷的提醒人們常常會誤判事情的傾向,其列出了二十五個經常誤導人的心理傾向,如下:

1. 獎勵和懲罰超級反應傾向 (Reward and Punishment Super-response Tendency)
2. 喜歡/熱愛傾向 (Liking/Loving Tendency)
3. 討厭/憎恨傾向 (Disliking/Hating Tendency)
4. 避免懷疑傾向 (Doubt-Avoidance Tendency)
5. 避免不一致傾向 (Inconsistency-Avoidance Tendency)
6. 好奇傾向 (Curiosity Tendency)
7. 康德式公平傾向 (Kantian Fairness Tendency)
8. 羨慕/妒忌傾向 (Envy/Jealousy Tendency)
9. 回饋傾向 (Reciprocation Tendency)
10. 簡單聯想誤導傾向 (Influence-from-Mere-Association Tendency)
11. 簡單的、避免痛苦的心理否認 (Simple, Pain-Avoiding Psychological Denial)
12. 自視過高傾向 (Excessive Self-Regard Tendency)
13. 過度樂觀傾向 (Overoptimism Tendency)
14. 被剝奪超級反應傾向 (Deprival-Super-reaction Tendency)
15. 社會認同傾向 (Social-Proof Tendency)
16. 對照誤導傾向 (Contrast-Misreaction Tendency)
17. 壓力影響傾向 (Stress-Influence Tendency)
18. 易取得性誤導傾向 (Availability-Misweighing Tendency)
19. 不用就忘傾向 (Use-It-Or-Lost-It Tendency)
20. 毒品誤導傾向 (Drug-Misinfluence Tendency)
21. 衰老誤導傾向 (Senescence-Misinfluence Tendency)
22. 權威誤導傾向 (Authority-Misinfluence Tendency)
23. 廢話傾向 (Twaddle Tendency)
24. 師出有名傾向 (Reason-Respecting Tendency)
25. 魯拉帕路薩傾向 (Lollapalooza Tendency)

當然,作者在投資領域的見解也是本書的重點:

[ 好好把握少數幾個看準的機會,比假裝什麼都懂好得多。」P139

….

Management and Ethical Responsibility

Yesterday I have a couples of talk with different group friend
in which convert into a very similar area…
Management…

Let’s say a Ship Company A had a Manager Bob had a personal belief :

Since his grand-grand father a one-eyed captain and a greatest captain of the time,
One-eyed man are the best captain of choice, so he’ll only hired one-eyed people as captain.


Someday, the government release a report that Company A’s ship have a higher accident rate on a foggy day.
And the sailor suspect, it’s deal to Bob’s hiring policy and also provide evidence that there are no co-relation between average performance with number of eyes (but will be devastating when the condition is bad)

Now, if Bob insist on his belief, He’s no doubt a stubborn person.
But do this put him into a ethical incorrect / irresponsible position, since he’s not fulfilling his responsibly?
1. Not putting his full effort for his employee (Since accident is profit lost to the company
2. Risking the safety of people rely on his decision.

To me, it’s obvious it’s ethical incorrect / irresponsible.
If someone doing a decision for the company not for the best information and his knowledge (what he’s hired for), but for a personal ego(or gain) or mis-belief
it’s unethical.

I would even take a further step including…
1. Not making (reasonable) effort to understand what’s critical, or improve himself
2. Doing short-cuts while it’s against long term sustainability for the company
3. Remain silent to mistake or problem he noticed

This kind of person would be the type of sworn enemy of my management philosophy.
Sorry, it’s no about different opinion. (or 和而不同)
It’s about ethical and responsibility, and I don’t make friends with people lack of that.

23th

 

89.6.4

RIP

Zekta 咖啡筆記本 – 1 理論篇


機緣巧合下
一頭栽進了咖啡的世界
從小就覺得沖咖啡很貴, 很難. Espresso 的咖啡機 一台也要幾千元
和太太在台灣旅行的時候, 貪好玩買了一座冷滴咖啡機,
然後上網爬了一下文章 (因為主要是英文, 這裡譯一下)

漸覺今是而昨非
問了不少說不喝咖啡的朋友, 大多的投訴是 酸和苦
發覺是最基本的基本弄錯了, 完全無關咖啡粉/豆的質素
(也很大可能是買錯了 Espresso 的咖啡粉)
在 Taobao 買了一堆工具
就開始了 “惡魔的飲料” 探索之旅…

咖啡理論 101

取決沖咖啡的最根本是要先掌握兩樣東西 (不計冰滴那種異類)
1. 咖啡粉和水的比例
2. 咖啡粉的粗幼
3. 熱水接觸咖啡粉的時間

其 1. 咖啡粉和水的比例, 決定咖啡的濃度
2. 3. 決定咖啡的萃取程度 “Extraction”

咖啡的濃度決定清和淡和味道 (Taste)無間
咖啡的萃取程度則和味道有最大關係, 簡單來說,
太少的話沒有咖啡味, 太多的話會酸和苦

先說 1. 大部份人說大概每杯咖啡要 2 teaspoon, 嘗試一下就好.
2 和 3,
溫度最好是 98度攝氏
咖啡粉磨得越幼 萃取速度城快, (所以買一個手動咖啡磨和用咖啡豆對學習很重要, 大概每樣 $60-80 HKD)
簡單來說,

越幼的咖啡粉, 接觸熱水的時間要越短 (否則連酸和苦味未抽了出來)
越粗的咖啡粉, 接觸熱水的時間要越久 (否則抽不了咖啡味)
沖好的咖啡不宜繼續加熱 (否則咖啡油會變酸)

接觸熱水的時間其實和沖調方法很有關 (所以改變 咖啡粉粗幼是最好的選擇, 再說一次 買一個手動咖啡磨!)
一般來說

法式壓力壺 大約三分鐘, 咖啡粉要粗一點 (超方便, 建議 Office 用, 新手適用)
虹吸壺 大約一至兩分鐘, 咖啡粉中等 (這個 UCC 和 Pokka Cafe 也在用)
Moka 大約一至兩分鐘, 咖啡粉中等 (這個很難用, 也不方便)
冷滴咖啡機 大約三至四小時, 咖啡粉中等 (台北峰大在用, 這是異數)
Espresso 大約10-20 秒, 咖啡粉超幼 (新手不宜, 全自動, 價錢貴 都是致命傷)

推薦 法式壓力壺, 虹吸壺 作新手上路裝備…

價格計算

先算算價格…
咖啡豆 $75 (Taobao 賣 200g x 2, Hong Kong 賣 200g x 1)
手動咖啡磨 $60-70 國貨
法式壓力壺/虹吸壺 $60-70
總數 < $300 HKD

有機會再寫下一篇筆記

Small updates on life

One of the4 side effect of learning to brew coffee is that you’ll be harder to sleep at night.

For this reason, I have had a chance to blog about life recently.
Life is good, as in Lots of works at office and lots of stuff is running around, but still nothing to complain about…

I had been reviewing things, thinking about career plans, and what to learn and Let’s say having an early mid-life crisis.

To be honest, I had nothing to complain, having a not-bad job, ladder to climb, having a cute wife, not much worrying about housing, and no health problem yet. But as any guy would prefer some bigger achievement, but I have none to offer.
(Or probably I have a problem for it, since I never get satisfy over most of the “big thing” in my life either)

One of the thing I am proud of myself, is the influence I bring to people, which start ripple around, Thoughts and Ideas spreads out, to make the world a better place. (And some idea for the industry as well)

As for the career, I am planning to continue pursuit the PM line, it may not be the best path to choose, and may not suit my characteristic , But I guess it’s more fun than dealing with restless changes on the industry, and having others to tell me the secrets among different part of the technology is good and efficient enough for me….
(I like to see/get things done, with or without my direct intervention is irrelevant)

I guess for getting the thing I would like to accomplish, I would rather hire some guns and organize them, than to get my hands dirty. As a result, I’ll need someway to make cash fast and continuously…

That’s enough rumbling for the night….

The Power of Words, le anonymous

After some recent events,
I had been watching the V for Vendetta
a second time with my wife…

Other than the idea about Totalitarianism (http://goo.gl/hOhF)
It had a strong theme around the topic of words and ideas

From the very beginning of the play

We are told to remember the idea, not the man, because a man can fail. He can be caught, he can be killed and forgotten, but 400 years later, an idea can still change the world.

Symbols, Words, Perspectives are essential for a society and for this very reason, media control are always the first place revolution / resistance or government take control of.

Beneath this mask there is more than flesh. Beneath this mask there is an idea and ideas are bulletproof.

And that’s why many scientist and technologists putting effort to create some totally uncontrollable with single entity/organization. the Dark Internet, I2P, Tor, WikiLeaks are all products to preserve that thought, ensure the channel and allows freedom of speech and spread of ideas is that most important thing to keep any tyrant in line.

…A building is a symbol, as is the act of destroying it. Symbols are given power by people. Alone, a symbol is meaningless, but with enough people, blowing up a building can change the world.

Anonymous promote power to those people, good or bad, as a double edged sword, but the option is important for people to voice out thoughts and coordinate their efforts…

I guess that’s one of the reason why I’ve got so fascinated about the related technologies.

Marketing Trap

From what I see, in the consumer market,
people tends to get results without putting effort.

This happens when thing are easily done with automation and getting thing done without any knowledge about it. e.g. Email and iPhone Apps.
We too get used to the fact that the only thing we do is paying, for a miracle service/product and then get our life changed.

While this is true for lots of thing, it’s hardly true for many areas, e.g. Habits, Skills.
Take an example of
1. “If you drink this product A everyday, you’ll be slim in two weeks, without any effort on exercise, take on a diet”
2. “With this new camera and lens, you can takes amazing photo with a click. And everyone will think you as a Pro Photographer.” (link)
3. “Taking this course will improve your English so fast that you’ll have a merry career lie ahead with in Three Months.”

Empty promises and yet people fall for it, or are those applications of the rule?

Wizard’s First Rule, 巫師的第一法則

This is from one of my favorite Fantasy Novel:
“人們是愚蠢的, 給予適當的動機, 幾乎每個人都會相信幾乎所有的東西。因為人是愚蠢的, 他們會相信一個謊言, 因為他們願意相信這是真的, 或者是因為他們害怕它可能是真的。人們的頭腦中充滿了知識, 事實和信念, 而大部份都是假的, 但他們認為這都是事實。人們是愚蠢的, 他們很少能分出謊言和真理, 但他們卻有信心他們可以, 所以都很容易被欺騙…“
(翻譯 From http://anf.blogspot.com/2011/03/blog-post.html) 

“Wizard’s First Rule: people are stupid.” Richard and Kahlan frowned even more. “People are stupid; given proper motivation, almost anyone will believe almost anything. Because people are stupid, they will believe a lie because they want to believe it’s true, or because they are afraid it might be true. People’s heads are full of knowledge, facts, and beliefs, and most of it is false, yet they think it all true. People are stupid; they can only rarely tell the difference between a lie and the truth, and yet they are confident they can, and so are all the easier to fool.”
Because of Wizards First Rule, the old wizards created Confessors, and Seekers, as a means of helping find the truth, when the truth is important enough. Darken Rahl knows the Wizard’s Rules. He is using the first one. People need an enemy to feel a sense of purpose. It’s easy to lead people when they have a sense of purpose. Sense of purpose is more important by far than the truth. In fact, truth has no bearing in this. Darken Rahl is providing them with an enemy, other than himself, a sense of purpose. People are stupid; they want to believe, so they do.”
—Chapter 36, p.560, U.S. paperback edition

Quote of Today : Communication

Note to self:

The responsibility to overcome barriers to communication normally rests with the sender. However, in a leadership situation, the responsibility falls to the leader in all cases, whether one is sending or receiving.

Getting back to full speed

Working hard to keep thing on schedule, both work, personal projects and life.

It takes extra effort to squeeze time out and having balance life.
As I am still planning to have 2-4 hour gaming sessions each day, extra time is needed
I changed my working schedule a bit, so that I’ll wake up at 730 now.

Having the morning time for work is nice,
and I can even have more time on the book reading.

Then I’ll have enough time for my photo, blog, facebook etc etc as well :P
Hopefully everything will work out just fine :)